It was inevitable. America’s look at peace agreement with the rise of the democrat Joe Biden It is diametrically opposed to that of Republican Donald Trump. And that would have consequences for the daily agenda of internal politics.
This is well known to the current protagonists of its implementation in Colombia., President Iván Duque and Rodrigo Londoño Echeverri, head of Commons, the political party that grew out of the old FARC.
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That explains the recent appeal of the head of state, on Thursday, at the General Assembly of Affiliates of the Council of American Companies at Casa de Nariño. Red-handed, United States Ambassador Philip Goldberg was virtual.
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These messages help that misrepresentations are not often the ‘lobby’ of some who always want to sow contemptuous doubt without support
There, Duque asked the companies that operate in the country that they tell the US Congress “the truth impartially and without misrepresentation” about what their government is doing to implement the peace deal.
“ But how important is it that the same North American companies in Colombia can convey the messages, including to the US Congress, in a clear and impartial manner about the reach our country has had in Ruta Futuro and peace policies. with legality. These messages help to avoid misrepresentations lobbies often from some who always want to sow contemptuous doubt without support, ”Duque said.
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The first president gave as an example the progress on this matter, with the figure of more than a thousand Pdet works and the fight against drug trafficking and that the safety indicators have improved.
Without mentioning it, Duque responded to Timochenko’s letter as follows, as Londoño was known in the Farc, to the US Congress on Tuesday this week.
In the letter, Londoño Echeverri expressed his displeasure with US lawmakers in the national government over “the laziness of bringing the state’s civilian institutions into the conflict zones” and “his disturbing failure to stop the attacks against the signatories of the peace and defense defenders. human rights “.
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According to Londoño, every day that passes without institutional efforts to implement the signed peace agreement in a comprehensive way is irreversibly pushing Colombia towards violence by armed groups, an increase in illegal crops, poverty and inequality, and keeping us from building to lasting peace in our country and our region. “
But why are all eyes on Washington now? It is natural. With the arrival of Biden, the requirements are clear.
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In fact, in February and through a trill, the US Embassy In Colombia, he pointed out that of the main points of President Biden’s policy, the first would be the implementation of the peace agreement and also human rights.
The message reminded former President Juan Manuel Santos, architect of the peace process with the FARC, who pointed out that Joe Biden (as Barack Obama’s vice president) was a strong supporter of the agreement and also permanently supported the process.
We envision a future with security across the Western Hemisphere; there is no better place to start than with the determination of the Colombian people
Even in 2018, at the Concordia Americas summit in Bogotá, Biden urged President Iván Duque not to give up on the peace process with the FARC and praised the country’s determination to move forward.
“We envision a future with security across the Western Hemisphere; there is no better place to start than with the determination of the Colombian people to bring about a lasting and lasting peace, “Biden said at the time, adding that” the peace agreement was a major step forward and should not be minimized or ignored “.
Then came a cross between Timochenko and Santos in which both complained about shortcomings in the performance.
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“Today, for many of us, the peace deal looks more like death than life,” the former guerrilla told him. “President Duque can’t shake his hand, that’s a fact. Perhaps his own hands are bound by the influences of extreme partisan agendas, or his hands paralyzed by so many other hands secretly promoting war and longing for the gruesome past. “added.
Duque responded to this appointment with a dinner, at the request of the UN, with the former FARC commander in which, as they said, they discussed in a “frank” and “respectful” manner what is missing in the progress of the implementation of what had been signed between the state and the insurgency, as well as the progress.
Emilio José Archila, Presidential Adviser on Stabilization and Consolidation, told EL TIEMPO that the successes are undeniable:
“There are the numbers. I’ll give just one example: we received 100,000 families with the promise that they would support them to get out of coca. But there were no contracts for aid or productive projects, no funding or suppliers. Well worth it. More than 3 trillion pesos and at the time less than 500,000 were foreseen. We invested more than 1 trillion pesos and that’s how we managed to get those 100,000 families out of coca. “
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Archila’s statements were made while nearby attracted the echo of two other letters: one with a claim from Human Rights Watch (HRW), which it considers “insufficient” the attempts to stop the murder of social leaders, and another from the US State Department, in which he asks for clarification of these crimes because it is one of the “top priorities” for Joe Biden.
Both letters were written in Washington, where the parties now know that the decisions taken there depend largely on the implementation of the agreements on Colombian soil.
And finally, there is a fact that in diplomacy it is not marginal. President Duque has not been able to have a direct conversation with his North American counterpart.
So far, the most eye-catching has been a phone call between the National Security Adviser, Jake Sullivan, with the Secretary of Defense, Diego Molano, and the Chief of Staff, María Paula Correa.
In it, Sullivan asked about the implementation of the 2016 peace agreement and reiterated the importance of defending human rights. In conclusion, for the United States, these two issues are fundamental to the new relationship with Biden’s arrival.